Galileo Galilei

Galileo Galilei was born at Pisa on the 18th of February in 1564. His father, Vincenzo Galilei, belonged to a noble household and had gained some distinction as a musician and a mathematician. At an early age, Galileo manifested his ability to study both mathematical and mechanical kinds of things, but his parents, wishing to turn him aside from studies which promised no substantial return, steered him toward some sort of healthcare profession. But this had no impact on Galileo. Throughout his youth he was allowed to follow the path that he wished to.

Even though in the common mind Galileo is remembered chiefly as an astronomer, on the other hand, the science of mechanics and dynamics fairly much owe their existence to his findings. Before he was twenty, observation of the oscillations of a swinging lamp in the cathedral of Pisa led him to the discovery of the isochronism of the pendulum, which theory he utilized fifty years later in the construction of an astronomical clock. In 1588, an essay on the center of gravity in solids obtained for him the title of the Archimedes of his time, and secured him a teaching spot in the University of Pisa. In the course of the years right away following, taking advantage of the celebrated leaning tower, he laid the foundation experimentally of the theory of falling bodies and demonstrated the falsity of the peripatetic maxim, which is that an objects rate of descent is proportional to its weight. When he challenged this it made all of the followers of Aristotle incredibly angry, they would not except the truth that their leader could have been wrong. Galileo, in outcome of this and other troubles, found it prudent to quit Pisa and move to Florence, the original home of his household. In Florence he was nominated by the Venetian Senate in 1592 to the chair of mathematics in the University of Padua, which he occupied for eighteen years, with ever-escalating fame. Immediately after that he was appointed philosopher and mathematician to the Grand Duke of Tuscany. Throughout the entire of this period, and to the close of his life, his investigation of Nature, in all her fields, was under no circumstances stopped. Following up his experiments at Pisa with other people upon inclined planes, Galileo established the laws of falling bodies as they are still formulated. He likewise demonstrated the laws of projectiles, and largely anticipated the laws of motion as lastly established by…

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