The Gambia, translated from the French La Gambia was initial colonized by Portugal in 1445 on what was later named St. Mary’s Island. Subsequently, the area was visited by France and later, Britain who started to build robust trading posts along it really is western shores. In the 1700’s The Gambia was proclaimed to be component of Britain. By 1969 The Gambia became a republic within the British commonwealth of nations. In 1982 it was declared a republic in what was later declared the Senegambian conference.